Wto Gpa Agreement

In accordance with Article V of the revised GPA, specific and differentiated treatment of developing countries can be negotiated in the form of transitional measures such as offsets, tariff preference programmes, higher thresholds and the gradual introduction of enterprises by a developing candidate country in the accession process, subject to the agreement of the other parties and the development needs of the member. The following WTO members are parties to the 1994 agreement:[3] The Public Procurement Agreement (GPA) is a multi-lateral agreement, under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which governs the purchase of goods and services by the public authorities of the contracting parties, based on the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination. The GPA is a multi-lateral agreement, which means that it only engages WTO members who are parties and have therefore agreed to be linked to it. It currently has 20 parties, with 48 WTO members. These include five new contracting parties whose memberships became effective after the revised GPA came into force. The agreement came into force in 1979 as the Tokyo Round Code on Government Procurement,[1] which came into force in 1981 under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. [2] It was then renegotiated in parallel with the 1994 Uruguay Round and this version came into force on 1 January 1996. The agreement was then revised on March 30, 2012. The revised MPA came into effect on July 6, 2014. [2] GPA membership is limited to WTO members who have expressly signed or subsequently joined the GPA.

WTO members are not required to join the GPA, but the United States urges all WTO members to participate in this important agreement. Several countries, including China, Jordan and Moldova, are negotiating GPA membership. The GPA is a multi-lateral agreement that applies only to WTO members who have agreed to be linked to it. Under the agreement, each signatory (usually referred to as „party”) defines, in a „hedging plan,” the purchasing activities governed by the agreement. A contracting party is required to treat only the goods, services and suppliers of other contracting parties, but not the non-party parties, in a non-discriminatory manner.