8.03 Well&controlled&by&herbicides y-1 8.04 Tolerates,&or&benefits&from,&mutilation&or&cultivation? Keywords: Hydrastis canadensis, goldenseal root, adulterant, adulteration. Leaves 3 ⁄ 4 to 3 in. Swingle 920.06.03 Turfgrass Sod. patens 'Mooreanus', Allium schoenoprasum var. This southern Appalachians species is not native to Canada, despite the … American barberry, Brown and Brown, page 99, 101. Maryland: Maryland Natural Heritage Program. American Barberry : Buchnera americana L. [Blue Hearts] Bluehearts : Carex adusta Boott : Crowded Sedge [Carex aenea Fern. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Western Maryland Research and Education Center V2003 Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department o f Agriculture, University of Maryland, College Park, and local governments. Plant life of Kentucky. Berberis canadensis Mill. -- American barberry, Allegheny barberry: North America Berberis bergmanniae – Chinese barberry; China (Szechuan; Hupeh) Berberis buxifolia Lam. MIM, Deurne. Antibacterial activity and alkaloid content of Berberis thunbergii, Berberis vulgaris and Hydrastis canadensis. A. ID 9831 Symbol Key BECA2 Common Name American barberry Family Berberidaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD, MO, NC, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV Growth Habit Shrub Cimicifuga) simplex 'Variegata', Agapanthus campanulatus "hardy white form", Agapanthus campanulatus subsp. (eds.) Media in category "Berberis canadensis" The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total. Our shipping season is now closed. Berberis canadensis P. Mill. This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Central & E. U.S.A. Alabama, 2010. Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plant species documented from Indiana (20 October 2002). The name Berberis was derived from the Arabic name, berberys. Die Innenseite der Rinde und das Holz sind gelb. (synonym) Berberis dentata Tausch (synonym) Berberis dulcis Hort. Herb and shrub dynamics in a mature oak forest: a thirty-year study. 3 vols. Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Maryland Checklist - Dwight Johnson - Year: 2020 (Total: 229) Filter by category... Show All Amphibians \n Animals \n Ants \n Bees \n Beetles \n Birds \n Butterflies \n Damselflie Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. Jones, R.L. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1768. Carpinus betulus ‘Fastigiata’ Cedrus. Their accuracy has not been verified by the Maryland Native Plant Society. Berberis thumbergii and Lonicera maackii: May 2018: The cherry blossoms have arrived! Summary. In southern ... Sambucus canadensis, and Berberis thunbergii. Berberis canadensis ( American Barberry ) The North American native Barberry which is similar to Berberis vulgaris however is native to Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina ( very rare and isolated to a few mountain & Piedmont Counties ). The plant is self-fertile. And as always: thank you. Data Source. Hydrastis canadensis L. | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Berberis canadensis 2zz.jpg 1,728 × 1,152; 1.55 MB. Einige Arten wie etwa die Japan-oder die Kaschmir-Eberesche werden … An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. (synonym) Berberis crenulata Schrad. Turfgrass sod shall be Maryland Certified Tall Fescue Sod unless Bermudagrass Sod or Zoysiagrass Sod is specified. Berberys (Berberis) - Szeroki wybór sadzonek roślin ozdobnych. Berberis canadensis P. Mill. Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. Please consider signing up for our Quackin' Grass Nursery Newsletter and Quackin' Quick Notes to keep abreast of new listings and pertinent information... We only send out approximately 3 to 6 each year and only when the catalog is updated with new offerings, if we alter the Display Garden page or when new articles are uploaded to Herald. American Barberry (Berberis canadensis) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Ranunculales>Berberidaceae>Berberis canadensis P. Miller. Berberis aquifolium NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Loài này được Mill. long, 1 ⁄ 2 to 1 1 ⁄ 2 in. 8.05 Effective&natural&enemies&present&in&U.S. Inne nazwy: Berberis thunbergii, berberys japoński, kwaśnica Thunberga Wysokość: 0,5-2,5 m (w zależności od odmiany i cięcia) Szerokość: 1-2 m (w zależności od odmiany i cięcia) Kwitnienie: maj (V) Kwiaty: żółte lub czerwono-żółte (w zależności od odmiany) W czasie kwitnienia berberysy Thunberga są obsypane kwiatami, do których chętnie przylatują pszczoły. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Berberis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Britton, N.L., and A. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … org/ articles/ berberis/ berberis-canadensis/). Photo by … Feral swine, wild boar: Sus scrofa: March 2018: Not so Heavenly: Heavenly bamboo, sacred bamboo, nandina: Nandina domestica: February 2018: Red Alert: Spotted lanternfly: Spotted lanternfly: Lycorma … Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Dřišťál (Berberis) je rod zahrnující asi 450-500 druhů opadavých nebo stálezelených keřů, 1–5 m vysokých, s otrněnými výhony, domácí v mírných a subtropických oblastech Evropy, Asie, Afriky, Severní Ameriky a Jižní Ameriky.Jsou blízce příbuzné rodu Mahonia, který je zařazován do rodu dřišťál (Berberis), některými botaniky Ogrodowe rarytasy. Berberis'thunbergii'DC'(Japanese'barberry) 8.01 Prolific&seed&production? A deciduous shrub 3 to 6 ft high, with the branchlets not downy, but thickly covered with small, warty lenticels, and armed with three-parted spines. 12. Berberis canadensis Taxonomy ID: 258147 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid258147) current name Habitat and ecology: Introduced from Asia, this species has escaped from cultivation and is now common in pastured oak woods.. Occurence in the Chicago region: non-native. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Berberis valdiviana Phil.. A sturdy evergreen shrub 8 to 12 ft high; shoots glabrous, formidably armed with stiff, three-pronged spines 1 to 1 1 ⁄ 2 in. Jest gatunkiem blisko spokrewnionym z mahonią, nie jest jednak rośliną zimozieloną. sibericum 'Pink Giant', Amsonia ciliata var. Common Name: Canada Goldenrod. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in August. 8.02 Evidence&that&a&persistent&propagule&bank&is&formed&(>1&yr)? Berberis canadensis NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Berberis canadensis USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. 1913. We have no desire to spam your lives! American Barberry is a small to medium-sized deciduous shrub with bristle-tipped leaves and 3-parted spines on the branches. Habit Evergreen or deciduous shrubs; branches with usually 3-partite spines and short axillary shoots bearing the leaves. West Virginia. Maryland University of Integrative Health, 7750 Montpelier Road, Laurel, MD 20723 . Dwarf Witchalder, Asa Gray, Virginia to Georgia, page 453. Generally a moderate growing, low to medium size, clonal deciduous shrub, it can reach a maximum size of 6.6 x 6 feet. Maryland However, if your site has one of the following conditions, it would be best to get advice on soil preparation from a local nursery or the University of Maryland’s Home and Garden Information Center (1-800-342-2507): • Very sandy • Heavy clay • Compacted soil • Soil pH below 5.5 or above 6.8. Berberidaceae, H. Wild. 2004. 1913. Fothergilla gardenii. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Yes, it is a fact: there exists a southeastern North American native barberry!As with so many Asian species and New World counterparts, both can be traced back to common ancestry. 19. One of the most widespread native plants in North Dakota, Canada goldenrod occurs throughout much of North America, at elevations under 9,000 ft. Plants exhibit a bewildering array of varieties, including 5 in the Great Plains. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. Sign Up For Our E-Newsletter. Brown. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Notes: Cultivation of this species is illegal in Canada, as some strains may be suceptible to Puccinia graminis, the pathogen causing stem rust of cereal crops. American barberry (Berberis canadensis P. Mill) grows in dry woods of bluffs and has sharply toothed leaves and triple-pronged spines. Phương tiện liên quan tới Berberis canadensis … Die etwa 100 Arten sind in den gemäßigten Gebieten der Nordhalbkugel verbreitet. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. North Carolina, Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. noun. Noun 1. Die Zweige sind stielrund, kantig oder gefurcht. ex] L.f. Berberis x hybridogagnepainii 'Chenaultii' Ahrendt -- ornamental only Berberis darwinii Hook. Species ID 20809 - Coarse-backed Red Paper Wasp (Polistes rubiginosus) recorded by Jim Brighton was a first record for … … (2015). During the fall months, the root and rhizome are routinely harvested by herbalists for use in medicines. 11. A tea of the bark is used for indigestion, and an infusion in wine as purgative. Flower: Pale yellow, 1/3 inch across, usually in small racemes, appearing in April to May. Berberitzen sind dornig, die Dornen sind ein- bis fünfteilig. 2: 127. 41(8): 551-557. Natural product-derived Lifespan extension therapy: Berberine, found in Berberis, Berberis aristata, Hydrastis canadensis, Phellodendron amurense, and Argemone mexicana, among others, prolongs mammalian life span via down regulation of angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R), 24/March/2017, 7.00 pm March 24, 2017 . Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. ... (Hydrastis canadensis, goldthread (Coptis chinesis), and barberry (Berberis vulgaris). It thrives in partial to full shade and requires moist soil. Join now. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone 2002. & Torr. United States. Herb information (University of Maryland) Botanically, herbaceous plants are defined as "any seed-bearing plant that does not have a woody stem and dies down to the ground after flowering." Berberis canadensis (Mill. ) Vascular Flora of Illinois. 1997. 41(8): 551-557. Some good, some bad. April 2018: This little piggy went to Maryland? Check other web resources for Berberis canadensis Mill. The following list of woody plants comes from the publications by [F] Fleming et al. MBP What's New Report for 2020-10 New species for MBP (14) Species ID 20835 - Artichoke Aphid (Capitophorus elaeagni) recorded by Barbara Thurlow was a first record for MBP. The following plant species are considered endangered extirpated throughout Maryland: (1) – (9) (text unchanged) [(10) American barberry (Berberis canadensis);] When introduced it can invade a variety of habitats from damp lowlands to dry roadsides and waste places. (ambiguous synonym) Berberis corallina Hort. Elaeagnus L. Privet, and related species Ligustrum L. Tree of Heaven Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Missouri, © 2020 Quackin Grass Nursery. WHERE TO FIND NATIVE PLANTS? Berberis canadensis is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft) at a medium rate. American barberry Berberidaceae Berberis canadensis Mill. Vernacular names Berberis canadensis 1zz.jpg 1,728 × 1,152; 1.17 MB. Illinois, University of Tennessee press. Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Only in the mountain zone of Maryland. [65348] Pharmaceutical Biology. Japanese barberry (B. thunbergii) often is cultivated as a hedge or ornamental shrub for its scarlet fall foliage and bright-red, long-lasting berries. Data Source and References for Berberis canadensis (American barberry) from the USDA PLANTS database : Name Search: name search type enter a search name State Search ... Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Maryland. 2010. Contemporary patterns of species decline frequently stem from multiple, synergistic pressures, which much like the genetic… Expand Fernald's Hay Sedge] Carex alopecoidea Tuckerman : Foxtail Sedge: Carex backii Boott : Rocky Mountain Sedge: Carex barrattii [Schwein] Schwein. The universitry press of Kentucky. Evonimus atrapurpurous [Euonymus atropurpureus]. Flora of North America North of Mexico 3: 1-590. Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team: ... 20 October 2002). Alle Arten tragen im Herbst auffällige Früchte. Indiana, Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Berberis canadensis - American barberry -- Discover Life mobile Berberis canadensis – 2 available. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ : Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists ; PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories ; BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program: PDF | On Jan 1, 2012, A. Pengelly and others published An Appalachian Plant Monograph. Wir übernehmen für Sie Planung, Beratung und Anlage von Gärten. Mils and Bone (2013) cites the alkaloid content of barberry to be 13%, and goldenseal to contain 2.5-6% alkaloids. The Soldiers Delight Natural Environmental Area is located in western Baltimore County, Maryland. Plants are perennial from single or multiple stems and normally are about 3 ft. tall. Berberis canadensis. Hình ảnh. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Missouri Botanical Garden. PDF | issued March 7, 2003 INHS Technical Report prepared for USDA, Forest Service Vienna Ranger District Shawnee National Forest | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Wysyłka 24h | Strona 2 Pharmaceutical Biology. Berberis (/ ˈ b ɜːr b ər ɪ s /), commonly known as barberry, is a large genus of deciduous and evergreen shrubs from 1–5 m (3.3–16.4 ft) tall, found throughout temperate and subtropical regions of the world (apart from Australia). Berberis canadensis. Berberysy w wielu odmianach w Szkółkach Konieczko! The Maryland Biodiversity project intends to thoroughly catalog the flora and fauna of Maryland. Several varieties with purple or yellow foliage, spinelessness, or dwarf habit… Endangered and Threatened Species of Illinois: status and distribution 1: 1-161. 9. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Berberis canadensis Mill. Native to: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia Betula nigra ‘Dura Heat’ Multi-Stem; Betula nigra ‘Heritage’ Carpinus. Berberys kanadyjski jest rośliną, występującą naturalnie na terenie Stanów Zjednoczonych oraz Kanady. This page was last edited on 23 November 2014, at 09:56. All rights reserved. Kelkaj aŭtoroj ankaŭ metas la speciojn de la genro Mahonio (Mahonia) al la genro Berberiso.Berberisoj estas kun 400 ĝis 600 specioj unu el la lignoplantaj genroj kun la plej multaj specioj. Georgia, Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Botanical reseach institute of Texas. Berberis Canadensis. World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. (2002). Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Berberisoj (Berberis) estas plantgenro el la familio de la Berberisacoj (Berberidaceae). Cherries : Prunus spp. Conservation Assessment for American Barberry (Berberis canadensis) Mill. Berberis canadensis is a member of Berberis in the strict sense and one of the two native species. Rare, threatened and endangered plants of Maryland (20 October 2002). American barberry. Wahoo, Burning Bush, Brown and Brown, page 206, 207. Berberis canadensis synonyms, Berberis canadensis pronunciation, Berberis canadensis translation, English dictionary definition of Berberis canadensis. Berberis-Arten sind immergrüne oder laubabwerfende Sträucher, selten kleine Bäume.. Lista gatunków z rodzaju berberys (Berberis L.) – lista gatunków rodzaju roślin należącego do rodziny kozłkowatych (Valerianaceae Batsch). Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Maryland: Literature: Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. Davison, Sara E.; Forman, Richard T. T. 1982. y-1 Total.Score Implemented.Pacific.Second.Screening. Several varieties … This species forms dense stands in a variety of these habitats, including closed canopy forests and open woodlands, wetlands, pastures and meadows. In the north the berries are pickled. Prevention and Control Top of page. Other articles where American barberry is discussed: barberry: The American or Allegheny barberry (B. canadensis) is native to eastern North America. Virginia, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Botanical Gazette. Vol. Terms Defined. Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Berberis canadensis - deciduous shrub of eastern North America whose leaves turn scarlet in autumn and … Berberis canadensis là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Hoàng mộc. Flowering: April to May. This species, rare in the trade, is more collector plant than ornamental. Tennessee, (2005). When cut, the root and budding rootstalk (called the rhizome) secrete a red fluid that gives the plant its name. Feb 28, 2019 - Other articles where American barberry is discussed: barberry: The American or Allegheny barberry (B. canadensis) is native to eastern North America. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. filifolia 'Georgia Pancake', Anemonopsis macrophylla ''double-flowered form'', Arisaema consanguineum 'The Perfect Wave', Aspidistra yingjiangensis 'Singapore Sling', Aster ageratoides subsp. Maryland Herbs; Invasive & Introduced Herbs. Accessed: 2019 Apr. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Maryland. Accessed 2020-11-29. Berberis canadensis.png 650 × 540; 20 KB. Berberis species are well represented in Northern temperate ecosystems, and each species occupies its own unique niche. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. A Field Guide, ed. Japanese Barberry (Berberis Thunbergii) ... Canadian Hemlock (Tsuga Canadensis) This needle-leaf shrub works well in hedging as its foliage grows to be very thick and dense, which is great if you’re looking for privacy. Much of the area of the Soldiers Delight NEA, which totals 1,900 acres (7.7 km 2) of protected land, contains a serpentine barren that contains a number of rare and endangered species of plants.. 1960. 84(3): 225-263. ovatus 'Adustus Nanus', Athyrium filix-femina f. angustum 'Lady in Red'. Berberis thunbergii DC. Flora of North America Editorial Committee (1997). Have a gracious and safe holiday season. Maryland, Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. … -- Magellan barberry; southern Chile, Argentina Berberis x chenaultii qv. Bailey, C. & al. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. (text unchanged) B. We will be sending out an email after the 1, Actaea (syn. Berberis thunbergii is a shrub native to Japan. The barberry is a well-known European and Asian genus and its common name was derived from the scientific name and fruit type. Cedrus atlantica � Japanese barberry (B. thunbergii) often is cultivated as a hedge or ornamental shrub for its scarlet fall foliage and bright-red, long-lasting berries. Herkert, J.R. & Ebinger, J.E. The root and bark with alum or lye produce a beautiful yellow dye for leather and cloth. Accessed 2020-11-29. We will be sending out an email after the 1st of the year announcing the roll out of our 2021 Spring / Summer Catalog. deciduous shrub of eastern North America whose leaves turn scarlet in autumn and having racemes of yellow flowers followed by ellipsoid glossy red berries Chú thích Liên kết ngoài. long, but sometimes quite unarmed; spines grooved on the lower side. Berberis canadensis American barberry Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. BERBERiS CANADENSIS—Other names Pipperidge bush and Sourberry. Die Mehlbeeren (Sorbus), auch Vogelbeeren, Ebereschen oder Elsbeeren genannt, sind eine Pflanzengattung der Kernobstgewächse (Pyrinae) innerhalb der Familie der Rosengewächse (Rosaceae). Oriental Bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Pennsylvania, Govaerts, R. (1996). Barratt's Sedge : Carex chordorrhiza [Ehrh. Solidago canadensis. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants. ex … Thomas A. Fretz, Director of Maryland Cooperative Extension, University of Maryland. Recommended citation 'Berberis canadensis' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Oleaster; Russian Olive, Autumn Olive, and related spp. Published on the internet. Maryland Native Plant Society Plant Lists We offer these lists to individuals and groups to enhance the enjoyment and study of plants of different locations in Maryland and nearby states. Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) is a flowering plant native to the eastern part of the United States and Canada. View Cart. The descriptions are organized by area from Maine in the north generally south and west to Maryland and Wisconsin. 15. & Woods, M. (2011). Berberis canadensis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Check out our reviews on Dave's Garden Watchdog, Back to Top [69527] 18. Kentucky, 4: 1-536. Massachusetts: Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Mint blossoms, Glen Burnie, Maryland, September 2014. Authority: Natural Resources Article, §§4-2A-01 — 4-2A-09 and 10-2A-01 — 10-2A-09, Annotated Code of Maryland .01 Definitions. Endangered species protection board, Springfield, Illinois. Kew Backbone Distributions Fairly common in Western Maryland. Baumschulgarten-Enneking - Startseite - Sie suchen einen Fachmann, der für Sie den Garten gestaltet? Documentation State Type; Division of Nature Preserves. Według The Plant List w obrębie tego rodzaju znajduje się 580 gatunków o nazwach zweryfikowanych i zaakceptowanych, podczas gdy kolejnych 214 taksonów ma status gatunków niepewnych (niezweryfikowanych). Goldenseal. Literature: Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. Amelanchier canadensis Multi-Stem; Amelanchier laevis; Amelanchier laevis Multi-Stem; Amelanchier laevis ‘Cumulus’ Amelanchier lamarckii Multi-Stem; Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Cole’ Multi-Stem; Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’ Betula. Brown. Species diversity is greatest in South America and Asia; Europe, Africa and North America have native species as well. Correspondence: email. The exact berberine content of Oregon grape root is unknown. Berberis vulgaris, Berberis canadensis. symbol: BECA2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, slightly thickened, finely spinose margin, narrowly obovate to elliptical, 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long, bright green above, paler and somewhat glaucous below. Photo: Gary Cote USDA Forest Service, Eastern Region 7 March 2003 Steven R. Hill, Ph.D. Illinois Natural History Survey Center for Biodiversity 607 East Peabody Drive Champaign, Illinois 61820 Our shipping season is now closed. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford. 0 item in your cart, total: $0.00